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KRAUS--Shirley D. Professor Emeritus in Pharmacology, Long Island University, Arnold & Marie Schwartz School of Health Sciences (formerly Brooklyn College of Pharmacy) died in New York City at age 94. Dr. Kraus was born December 24, 1919 in New York City to Michael and Hannah Dushkind. She attended Hunter College BA ('40), Cornell University MA ('43) and the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, where she was granted a Ph.D. in Physiology in 1946. Entering a scientific and academic world where few women colleagues existed, Dr. Kraus held positions at Harlem Hospital, New York University College of Dentistry and Howard University Medical School before accepting a position at Brooklyn College of Pharmacy in 1957 where she remained for 25 years actively conducting research and teaching physiology and pharmacology. She inspired many of her best students, affectionately known as "Shirley's Boys" who went on to graduate schools, making their own important contributions to scientific research in pharmacology and medicine. Her "Boys" established an endowment fund bearing her name in 1996 to support undergraduate research. Dr. Kraus has written dozens of articles and received research grants funded by the National Institute of Health and National Science Foundation. She wrote Physiological and Biochemical Foundations of Therapeutics. Her accomplishments gained recognition in Who's Who in: American Education; the World of Women; American Women; the East; and American Jewry. She also appeared in American Men & Women of Science and Jews in the World of Science. She married Jerome Kraus in 1946. They have two children, Dr. Teri J. Schwartz (Raymond), C. Gordon Kraus-Friedberg (Nurit Kraus-Friedberg), seven grandchildren (Rachel Schwartz, Michael Schwartz, Daniel Schwartz, Dr. Chana Kraus-Friedberg, Yeshaya Kraus, Kaila Iserovich and Nechemia Kraus-Friedberg) and seven great-grandchildren.

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Published in The New York Times on Mar. 2, 2014
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