Died February 21
By: Legacy Staff
7 months ago
Malcolm X was one of the most influential African-American leaders of the 20th century. Standing as a counterpoint to the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s philosophy of nonviolent action toward civil rights, Malcolm X was known for urging his followers to fight for their humanity using "any means necessary." His stance frightened some, but many were inspired by his bold leadership and refusal to back down from authority, as well as by another phrase he popularized: "Black is beautiful." His legacy is one of unrelenting activism to raise the self-esteem of black people, urging them to demand full equality. We remember Malcolm X's life today as well as the lives of other notable people who died this day in history.
2015: Clark Terry, U.S. jazz trumpeter who played with Miles Davis and Quincy Jones, dies at 94.
"The world has lost one of the greatest trumpeters to ever grace the planet," Quincy Jones wrote on his Facebook page. "Clark Terry was my first trumpet teacher as a teen in Seattle, my idol, and my brother. When he left the Basie and Ellington bands, also two of my idols, to join mine, it was one of the most humbling moments in my life." Read more
2012: Barney Rosset, U.S. publisher who introduced readers to acclaimed authors such as Pablo Neruda and Harold Pinter, dies at 89.
As publisher of Grove Press, Rosset was a First Amendment crusader who helped overthrow 20th-century U.S. censorship laws and profoundly expanded the American reading experience. Rosset had an FBI file that lasted for decades, according to his obituary by The Associated Press, and he would seek out fellow rebels for much of his life. Between Grove and the magazine Evergreen Review, which lasted from 1957 to 1973, Rosset published Samuel Beckett, Malcolm X, Che Guevara, Jean-Paul Sartre, Allen Ginsberg, Henry Miller, D.H. Lawrence, and William Burroughs. He was equally daring as a film distributor; his credits included the groundbreaking erotic film, "I Am Curious (Yellow)," and art-house releases by Jean-Luc Godard, Marguerite Duras, and others. Read more
2008: Ben Chapman, U.S. actor remembered best for playing the Gill-Man in "The Creature From the Black Lagoon," dies at 82.
2008: Sunny Lowry, first British woman to swim the English Channel, in 1933, dies at 97.
2005: Ara Berberian, U.S. bass singer who enjoyed a long international career in opera, dies at 74.
1995: Robert Bolt, English playwright and screenwriter who wrote "Doctor Zhivago" and "Lawrence of Arabia," dies at 70.
1992: Jane Pickens Langley Hoving, U.S. singer who was a member of the Pickens Sisters and then had her own radio and television shows, dies at 83.
1992: Eva A. Jessye, U.S. singer who was the first African-American woman to achieve distinction as a professional choral conductor, dies at 97.
1991: Roger Swaybill, U.S. actor and screenwriter who co-wrote the movies "Porky's II: The Next Day" and "Breaking Point," dies at 47.
1991: Margot Fonteyn, English ballerina who was widely regarded as one of the greatest classical ballet dancers of all time, dies at 71.
1985: Louis Hayward, South African actor who appeared in Hollywood movies such as "The Man in the Iron Mask," dies at 75.
1985: Ina Claire, U.S. actress who made her film debut in the Cecil B. DeMille film "The Wild Goose Chase," dies at 91.
Integration wasn't the only way Murray the K was forward-thinking. As the times changed, so did the music – and Kaufman was on top of each new style. Starting as one of the first supporters of the Beatles (and often calling himself the Fifth Beatle), he moved on to champion folk rock and become one of the first FM DJs to play full-album versions of long songs by artists such as Bob Dylan – instead of the shortened singles common on AM radio. Read more
1974: Tim Horton, Canadian NHL Hall of Fame defenseman who also started the successful Tim Hortons restaurant chain, dies in a car accident at 44.
Both of Horton's careers focused on small round objects: one hard, flat and fast, the other soft, fried and sweet. Horton first made a name for himself playing hockey for 24 seasons in the NHL, most of them on the Toronto Maple Leafs. He also was the entrepreneur who co-founded Tim Hortons, a popular chain of coffee and doughnut shops. Read more
1965: Malcolm X, U.S. Muslim minister who was one of the best-known civil rights activists of his generation, is assassinated at 39.
1958: Duncan Edwards, English soccer player who was on England's national team, dies in the Munich airplane disaster at 21.